Author Guidelines

This journal uses Open Journal Systems, an open-source software for managing and publishing journals. It is developed, supported, and freely distributed by the Public Knowledge Project under the GNU General Public License.

Manuscript Writing Guidelines

Original Research 

A Title is Fewest Possible Words (Informative, reflecting the core content, consisting of max 20 words) {Font: Times New Roman, Font Color Dark Red; Size:16; Alig; Justify; F. Style; Bold}

Author1*, Author2, Author3,

1Department, University, Country

2Department, University, Country

3Department, University, Country

*Email corresponding author:

<Time New Roman;11pt>


Abstract is written in English within 150-200 words. Abstract contains introduction, research objectives, methodology, results, and conclusion. Font black 10 Time New Roman, single space.

Keywords: it contains 3-5 important words separated by comma.

HEADING (INTRODUCTION, METHODS OF RESEARCH, RESULTS,.....etc.) <time new roman; 11pt; font color color DARK RED, ; bold; UPPERCASE> The length of the whole article is maximum 12 pages with 1 space.


Introduction contains research background, problem formulation and research purposes, and relevant and up-to-date theoretical basis. This section also presents the research problem using inteverted pyramid method, strarting from golobal, national and local problems. The introduction section is typed in 1,15 space wih Time New Roman 11 pt font. 


Explain chronological research, including how to prepare materials research, design of the study and research procedures (in the form of an algorithm, pseudocode or other). Minimum research method consists of research type, type and source of data, data collection techniques, and data analysis techniques. The methos section is typed in 1,15 space wih Time New Roman 11 pt font. 


Describe the key findings of the study in a clear and concise manner. Include tables, graphs, and figures as necessary to help convey the information. 

  1. Table 

Tables must be numbered consecutively and in the same order as they appear in the text. Tables must have brief descriptive title. Ideally, tables must be set up and constructed in MS Word or in editable version. We do not accept tables that are incorporated as images within the text. Examples of table format suitable for JHSE are as depicted below.

Tabel 1. Characteristic of respondent



Percentage (%)








Education level








        Government employee












Data source: Primer data

  1. Figures

Figures must be numbered sequentially and in the order in which they are mentioned in the text. Figure legends are needed for all figures. Use high-quality images, make sure your images area clear and high-resolution. Figures should be positioned close to the text that refers to them. 


Data Source: Canadian Tobacco and Nicotine Survey (CTNS), 2020

Figure 1. Current Smoking Prevalence by Age Group, 2020


The discussion aims to answer the formulation of problems and research questions, interpret the findings obtained and these results are used to solve problems, show differences and similarities with previous research and possible intervention efforts to overcome these problems. The discussion contains a discussion that connects and compares the research results with theories/concepts/findings from other studies both in line and not in line with the research results. If any, potential limitations of the research are also mentioned in the discussion. This section is typed in 1 space with Time New Roman 11pt font.


It contains an answer or explanation to the problem of research. Moreover, it can also be added to the development prospects of the research and the further application in subsequent studies.


This section is optional. Acknowledgments are made to all those who helped, if any, including those who provided funding for the research.


Reference must use references manager like Mendeley, Zotero, Endnote, etc with following American Psychological Association (APA) 7th  Edition style. 



In Text Citation

Reference List Entry


(Creswell, 2009)

Creswell, J. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. SAGE Publications, Inc.

Book Chapters

(Payne, 1999)

Payne, S. (1999). 'Dangerous and different': Reconstructions of madness in the 1990s and the role of mental health policy. In S. Watson & L. Doyal (Eds.), Engendering social policy (pp. 180-195). Open University Press.


(Vogels et al., 2009)

Vogels, A. G. C., Crone, M. R., Hoekstra, F., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2009). Comparing three short questionnaires to detect psychosocial dysfunction among primary school children: A randomized method. BMC Public Health, 9, 489.

Internet Documents

(Department of Health and Aged Care, 2000)

Department of Health and Aged Care. (2000). National youth suicide prevention strategy. Australian Government.

Journal Article in Print

(Kyratsis, 2004)

Kyratsis, A. (2004). Talk and interaction among children and the co-construction of peer groups and peer culture. Annual Review of Anthropology, 33(4), 231-247

Newspaper Article with URL

(Devlin, 2010)

Devlin, H. (2010, January 28). Neuron breakthrough offers hope on Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. The Times.

Unpublished Thesis

(Milnes, 1998)

Milnes, G. M. (1998). Adolescent depression: The use of generative instruction to increase rational beliefs and decrease irrational beliefs and depressed mood [Unpublished M.Appl.Psy. thesis]. Murdoch University.

The source of the content is originally from with several adaptations and modifications in some areas and citation examples