The Negative and Positive Effects of Social Media on Adolescent Mental Health


  • Rian Yuliyana Health Polytechnic MoH Tanjungpinang, Indonesia
  • Rinaldi Daswito Health Polytechnic MoH Tanjungpinang, Indonesia
  • Radian Ilmaskal Alifah Padang Health Science College



Social Media, Adolescent, Mental Health, Good Health and Well-being, Psychological well-being


Social media is a widely utilized and essential aspect of daily life, particularly for teens. Adolescents in today's digital age are growing up in a culture where social media platforms are prevalent and substantially influence various parts of their lives. The amount of social media usage in Indonesia is steadily growing annually. This article examines the negative and positive effects of social media on the mental wellbeing of young people. Several articles have suggested that excessive usage of social media among adolescents can result in sleeplessness, anxiety, and depression. On the other hand, social media can positively affect health and improve relationships. This article highlights the significance of using social media prudently and ethically while effectively managing one's emotions, which can increase benefits. Therefore, minimizing might lead to negative consequences, particularly about adolescents' psychological wellbeing and societal support.


(AIHW), A. I. of H. and W. (2021). Mental illness.

Baker, Zachary G, kriger heather, leroy A. (2016). Fear of missing out: Relationships with depression, mindfulness, and physical symptoms. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 2(3), 275–282.

Broto, G. S. D. (2020). Riset Kominfo dan UNICEF Mengenai Perilaku Anak dan Remaja Dalam Menggunakan Internet. Kominfo.

Christopher Barry et al. (2017). Adolescent social media use and mental health from adolescent and parent perspectives. Journal of Adolescence, 61(1).

Hawkins, M. (2023). Top 12 Social Media Apps in Indonesia. Actionable Intellegence at Scale.

Hugues Sampasa Kanyinga and Rosamund F. Lewis. (2020). Frequent Use of Social Networking Sites Is Associated with Poor Psychological Functioning Among Children and Adolescents. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.

Hurley, E. C., Williams, I. R., Tomyn, A. J., & Sanci, L. (2024). Social media use among Australian university students: Understanding links with stress and mental health. Computers in Human Behavior Reports, 14(March), 100398.

Jan H.Kietzmann, kristopher hermkesggg. (2011). Social media? get Serius! understanding the functional building blocks of social media. Business Horizons, 54, 241–251.

Khalaf, A. M., Alubied, A. A., Khalaf, A. M., & Rifaey, A. A. (2023). The Impact of Social Media on the Mental Health of Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review. Cureus.

McEwan, B. (2020). Social Media and Relationships. In The International Encyclopedia of Media Psychology. Wiley, 1–5.

Morales-muñoz, I., & Gregory, A. M. (2023). Sl eep and Mental H ealt h Problems in Child ren an d Adolescents Sleep Mental health Children Adolescent Narrative review. 52.

Nora, A. (2023). Survei APJII: Penetrasi Internet Indonesia 2022-2023 Capai 78,9 Persen. Ruplika.

Nurbaiti, N. (2023). Characteristics of Internet, Smartphone, and Social Media Usage among Generation Z in South Jakarta after the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Health Sciences and Epidemiology, 1(3), 101–108.

O’Reilly, M. (2020). Social media and adolescent mental health: the good, the bad and the ugly. Journal of Mental Health, 29(2).

Office of the Surgeon General. (2023). Social Media and Youth Mental Health:The U.S. Surgeon General’s Advisory. The U.S. Surgeon General’s Advisory, 25.

Septiana, N. Z. (2021). Dampak Peggunaan Media Sosial Terhadap Kesehatan Mental Dan Kesejahteraan Sosial Remaja Dimasa Pandemi Covid-19. Nusantara of Research : Jurnal Hasil-Hasil Penelitian Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri, 8(1), 1–13.

World Health Organization. (2024). Adolescent Health.

Yuliyana, R. (2022). Depression In Adolecents. Journal of Health Science and Nursing Studies, 1(1), 23–28.

Yuliyana, R., & Daswito, R. (2023). Menggali Potensi ChatGPT pada Peran Tenaga Kesehatan. Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Kesehatan Terpadu, 3(2), 46–50.




How to Cite

Yuliyana, R., Daswito, R., & Ilmaskal, R. (2024). The Negative and Positive Effects of Social Media on Adolescent Mental Health . Journal of Health Sciences and Epidemiology, 2(1), 1–5.